Geneva - Touristic Guide


Geneva  Geneva is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich) and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). It is situated where Lake Geneva (French Lac Léman) flows into the Rhone River and is the capital of the Republic and Canton of Geneva.

 Geneva it is situated between the Alps and Jura, to the south-occidental extremity of Switzerland and the Lemano lake. Rhone and Arve are the main two rivers that crosses it.
 The altitude of of Geneva is of 373 m.
 Situated in the center of western Europe, Geneva has a benefitted geographic position that it places it, in airplane, to an hour from Paris and Milano and less than two hours from London, Rome and Madrid.

 Geneva was the name of a settlement of the Celtic people of the Allobroges.The name of Geneva (or Genua) in Latin appeared for the first time in the writings of Julius Caesar in De Bello Gallico his comments on the Gallic Wars. Its name may be identical in origin to the name of the Ligurian city of Genua (modern Genoa), meaning "knee", that is, "angle", referring to its geographical position; though more likely is based on the root gen- 'birth' (Genawa is at the birth of the river from the womb of the lake; perhaps the name in full means 'birth-water').
 To the fall of the Roman Empire it is occupied before from the Burgundians in V the century, then from the Frank in the 534, becoming the King of Borgogna subsequently and still Genevaafter entering to make part of the Sacred Roman Germanic Empire in 1032, also enjoying one sure autonomy.

 In 1536 in a union with Bern and Friburgo, the bishop hunted from the city and adopted the Reform protestant of Martin Luther, receiving John Calvin. These with to Guillaume Farel guided the winning city to resistance to onslaught of the Duke of Savoia. In these times it was before a rigid theocratic republic but then earth of asylum of Protestants pursued to you from the Catholics and of intelletuals in discord with the papal church was converted in one. It came improperly therefore called Rome protestant.
 Annexed to revolutionary France in 1798, becoming district of the Department of the Lemano; this until the fall of Napoleon in 1814.
 Geneva, or officially the Canton and Republic of Geneva, became a canton of Switzerland in 1815.